There is a misconception that there are only three States of Matter: solid, liquid, and gas. Well I’m trying to break that misconception because there are really five States of Matter and they are solid, liquid, gas, PLASMA, and BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATES (BEC).
The First State of Matter is Solid. In a solid, particles are compiled very tightly together so they can not move around a lot. Most of the time the particles in a solid move only the slightest amounts and they have a very low kinetic energy. The reason the particles move is because the electrons of each atom are in motion, so the atoms have a small vibration, but they are in a fixed position. Solids also have a definite or fixed shape. They do not change shapes when they are put in containers. Also they have a definite volume. The solid particles are so tightly packed together that increasing pressure will not compress the solid to a smaller volume.
The liquid particles of a substance have more kinetic energy that the particles of a solid. The liquid particles are held in an irregular arrangement, but they are very close to each other to they have a definite volume like solids. Just like solids they also can not be compressed. The particles of a liquid have just enough room to flow around, making the liquid to have an indefinite shape. The liquid will change shape to conform to its container. You can see this characteristic easily in water. Also force is spread evenly through the liquid, so when an object is placed in a liquid, the particles are displaced by the object.
Gas particles have a great deal of space between them and have high kinetic energy. The particles of a gas likes to spread out so if it is not confined the gas will spread indefinitely. The gas also likes to expand to its limits. When a gas is put under pressure by reducing the volume of a container, the space between particles is reduced, and the pressure exerted by their collisions increases. This means that when there is less space for the gas particles to move around they will move faster and more pressure will build up in the container. If the volume of the container is held constant, but he temperature of the gas increases, then the pressure will also increase. Gas particles have enough kinetic energy to overcome intermolecular forces that hold solids and liquids together. This means that gases have no definite volume and shape. So the main characteristics of gas is that the particles are very free, they have no definite or fixed volume and shape, and that they are very high-class.
Plasma is not the most common state of matter on Earth. Actually it is a very rare state of matter on Earth as it is only really found under the crust of the Earth, but it maybe the most common state of matter in the universe. Plasma consists of highly charged particles with extremely high kinetic energy. Stars are essentially superheated balls of plasma.
The State of Matter, Bose-Einstein Condensate, was created in a lab. This State of Matter is not commonly known. This is only state possible in the temperature of absolute zero. This temperature stops the kinetic energy from being transferred and it becomes a “super atom.” This state does not have much data and there is not a lot of known facts of this state.